ESP32 as a I2C slave device

hiik3n
Posts: 3
Joined: Wed Aug 30, 2017 8:02 am

ESP32 as a I2C slave device

Postby hiik3n » Thu Sep 14, 2017 5:15 am

Hi,

I am trying to program ESP32 as a I2C slave device (Get the request from Master and response).

I saw the i2c_example_main.c from esp-idf, but I did not see any interrrupt or callback or event which tell that I2C Master has sent some data.

Does anyone has experience on this?
Thank you.

vibnwis
Posts: 89
Joined: Thu Aug 24, 2017 1:13 am

Re: ESP32 as a I2C slave device

Postby vibnwis » Fri Sep 15, 2017 1:15 am

It is good to have interrupt setting. HOwever, some examples( I have seen what you saw) work on polling methods.

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rudi ;-)
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Re: ESP32 as a I2C slave device

Postby rudi ;-) » Wed Feb 21, 2018 7:27 pm

good point!
just in time i land here too :)
so i ask me where the ISR routine is in this I2C example :D
i read again and again but i see now isr register?
no pool, no ISR.
how is then I2C slave work?
i have to studdy the example again from start.
i think i am a beginner for now

i read in kolban book, but there is also
no ISR, no pool and no I2C SLAVE example for the ESP32
only this combine_all_to

i think i did sleep in this phase - honest did not saw that we have no existing ( working ) i2c slave standalone example again in esp-idf
likewise we did not haved in esp8266.

.. time for start isr example..
wow wow wow so much hw stuff with buffer
is there an beginner code in the pipe
:lol:

best wishes
rudi ;-)
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rudi ;-)
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Re: ESP32 as a I2C slave device

Postby rudi ;-) » Wed Feb 21, 2018 7:44 pm

i bookmark this post now
i think - there are many people who want see this as a
example in the esp-idf So I start the competition

ESP32 as Standalone I2C Slave device

3 . 2 . 1 go!
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rudi ;-)
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Re: ESP32 as a I2C slave device

Postby rudi ;-) » Wed Feb 21, 2018 7:57 pm

ok we start with this 0815 example

very much code ....

Code: Select all

/* i2c - Example
   For other examples please check:
   https://github.com/espressif/esp-idf/tree/master/examples
   This example code is in the Public Domain (or CC0 licensed, at your option.)
   Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, this
   software is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR
   CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include "driver/i2c.h"

/**
 * TEST CODE BRIEF
 *
 * This example will show you how to use I2C module by running two tasks on i2c bus:
 *
 * - read external i2c sensor, here we use a BH1750 light sensor(GY-30 module) for instance.
 * - Use one I2C port(master mode) to read or write the other I2C port(slave mode) on one ESP32 chip.
 *
 * Pin assignment:
 *
 * - slave :
 *    GPIO25 is assigned as the data signal of i2c slave port
 *    GPIO26 is assigned as the clock signal of i2c slave port
 * - master:
 *    GPIO18 is assigned as the data signal of i2c master port
 *    GPIO19 is assigned as the clock signal of i2c master port
 *
 * Connection:
 *
 * - connect GPIO18 with GPIO25
 * - connect GPIO19 with GPIO26
 * - connect sda/scl of sensor with GPIO18/GPIO19
 * - no need to add external pull-up resistors, driver will enable internal pull-up resistors.
 *
 * Test items:
 *
 * - read the sensor data, if connected.
 * - i2c master(ESP32) will write data to i2c slave(ESP32).
 * - i2c master(ESP32) will read data from i2c slave(ESP32).
 */

#define DATA_LENGTH                        512              /*!<Data buffer length for test buffer*/
#define RW_TEST_LENGTH                     129              /*!<Data length for r/w test, any value from 0-DATA_LENGTH*/
#define DELAY_TIME_BETWEEN_ITEMS_MS        1234             /*!< delay time between different test items */

#define I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_SCL_IO           26               /*!<gpio number for i2c slave clock  */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_SDA_IO           25               /*!<gpio number for i2c slave data */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_NUM              I2C_NUM_0        /*!<I2C port number for slave dev */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_TX_BUF_LEN       (2*DATA_LENGTH)  /*!<I2C slave tx buffer size */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_RX_BUF_LEN       (2*DATA_LENGTH)  /*!<I2C slave rx buffer size */

#define I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_SCL_IO          19               /*!< gpio number for I2C master clock */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_SDA_IO          18               /*!< gpio number for I2C master data  */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_NUM             I2C_NUM_1        /*!< I2C port number for master dev */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_TX_BUF_DISABLE  0                /*!< I2C master do not need buffer */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_RX_BUF_DISABLE  0                /*!< I2C master do not need buffer */
#define I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_FREQ_HZ         100000           /*!< I2C master clock frequency */

#define BH1750_SENSOR_ADDR                 0x23             /*!< slave address for BH1750 sensor */
#define BH1750_CMD_START                   0x23             /*!< Command to set measure mode */
#define ESP_SLAVE_ADDR                     0x28             /*!< ESP32 slave address, you can set any 7bit value */
#define WRITE_BIT                          I2C_MASTER_WRITE /*!< I2C master write */
#define READ_BIT                           I2C_MASTER_READ  /*!< I2C master read */
#define ACK_CHECK_EN                       0x1              /*!< I2C master will check ack from slave*/
#define ACK_CHECK_DIS                      0x0              /*!< I2C master will not check ack from slave */
#define ACK_VAL                            0x0              /*!< I2C ack value */
#define NACK_VAL                           0x1              /*!< I2C nack value */

SemaphoreHandle_t print_mux = NULL;

/**
 * @brief test code to read esp-i2c-slave
 *        We need to fill the buffer of esp slave device, then master can read them out.
 *
 * _______________________________________________________________________________________
 * | start | slave_addr + rd_bit +ack | read n-1 bytes + ack | read 1 byte + nack | stop |
 * --------|--------------------------|----------------------|--------------------|------|
 *
 */
static esp_err_t i2c_example_master_read_slave(i2c_port_t i2c_num, uint8_t* data_rd, size_t size)
{
    if (size == 0) {
        return ESP_OK;
    }
    i2c_cmd_handle_t cmd = i2c_cmd_link_create();
    i2c_master_start(cmd);
    i2c_master_write_byte(cmd, ( ESP_SLAVE_ADDR << 1 ) | READ_BIT, ACK_CHECK_EN);
    if (size > 1) {
        i2c_master_read(cmd, data_rd, size - 1, ACK_VAL);
    }
    i2c_master_read_byte(cmd, data_rd + size - 1, NACK_VAL);
    i2c_master_stop(cmd);
    esp_err_t ret = i2c_master_cmd_begin(i2c_num, cmd, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
    i2c_cmd_link_delete(cmd);
    return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief Test code to write esp-i2c-slave
 *        Master device write data to slave(both esp32),
 *        the data will be stored in slave buffer.
 *        We can read them out from slave buffer.
 *
 * ___________________________________________________________________
 * | start | slave_addr + wr_bit + ack | write n bytes + ack  | stop |
 * --------|---------------------------|----------------------|------|
 *
 */
static esp_err_t i2c_example_master_write_slave(i2c_port_t i2c_num, uint8_t* data_wr, size_t size)
{
    i2c_cmd_handle_t cmd = i2c_cmd_link_create();
    i2c_master_start(cmd);
    i2c_master_write_byte(cmd, ( ESP_SLAVE_ADDR << 1 ) | WRITE_BIT, ACK_CHECK_EN);
    i2c_master_write(cmd, data_wr, size, ACK_CHECK_EN);
    i2c_master_stop(cmd);
    esp_err_t ret = i2c_master_cmd_begin(i2c_num, cmd, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
    i2c_cmd_link_delete(cmd);
    return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief test code to write esp-i2c-slave
 *
 * 1. set mode
 * _________________________________________________________________
 * | start | slave_addr + wr_bit + ack | write 1 byte + ack  | stop |
 * --------|---------------------------|---------------------|------|
 * 2. wait more than 24 ms
 * 3. read data
 * ______________________________________________________________________________________
 * | start | slave_addr + rd_bit + ack | read 1 byte + ack  | read 1 byte + nack | stop |
 * --------|---------------------------|--------------------|--------------------|------|
 */
static esp_err_t i2c_example_master_sensor_test(i2c_port_t i2c_num, uint8_t* data_h, uint8_t* data_l)
{
    int ret;
    i2c_cmd_handle_t cmd = i2c_cmd_link_create();
    i2c_master_start(cmd);
    i2c_master_write_byte(cmd, BH1750_SENSOR_ADDR << 1 | WRITE_BIT, ACK_CHECK_EN);
    i2c_master_write_byte(cmd, BH1750_CMD_START, ACK_CHECK_EN);
    i2c_master_stop(cmd);
    ret = i2c_master_cmd_begin(i2c_num, cmd, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
    i2c_cmd_link_delete(cmd);
    if (ret != ESP_OK) {
        return ret;
    }
    vTaskDelay(30 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
    cmd = i2c_cmd_link_create();
    i2c_master_start(cmd);
    i2c_master_write_byte(cmd, BH1750_SENSOR_ADDR << 1 | READ_BIT, ACK_CHECK_EN);
    i2c_master_read_byte(cmd, data_h, ACK_VAL);
    i2c_master_read_byte(cmd, data_l, NACK_VAL);
    i2c_master_stop(cmd);
    ret = i2c_master_cmd_begin(i2c_num, cmd, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
    i2c_cmd_link_delete(cmd);
    return ret;
}

/**
 * @brief i2c master initialization
 */
static void i2c_example_master_init()
{
    int i2c_master_port = I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_NUM;
    i2c_config_t conf;
    conf.mode = I2C_MODE_MASTER;
    conf.sda_io_num = I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_SDA_IO;
    conf.sda_pullup_en = GPIO_PULLUP_ENABLE;
    conf.scl_io_num = I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_SCL_IO;
    conf.scl_pullup_en = GPIO_PULLUP_ENABLE;
    conf.master.clk_speed = I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_FREQ_HZ;
    i2c_param_config(i2c_master_port, &conf);
    i2c_driver_install(i2c_master_port, conf.mode,
                       I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_RX_BUF_DISABLE,
                       I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_TX_BUF_DISABLE, 0);
}

/**
 * @brief i2c slave initialization
 */
static void i2c_example_slave_init()
{
    int i2c_slave_port = I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_NUM;
    i2c_config_t conf_slave;
    conf_slave.sda_io_num = I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_SDA_IO;
    conf_slave.sda_pullup_en = GPIO_PULLUP_ENABLE;
    conf_slave.scl_io_num = I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_SCL_IO;
    conf_slave.scl_pullup_en = GPIO_PULLUP_ENABLE;
    conf_slave.mode = I2C_MODE_SLAVE;
    conf_slave.slave.addr_10bit_en = 0;
    conf_slave.slave.slave_addr = ESP_SLAVE_ADDR;
    i2c_param_config(i2c_slave_port, &conf_slave);
    i2c_driver_install(i2c_slave_port, conf_slave.mode,
                       I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_RX_BUF_LEN,
                       I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_TX_BUF_LEN, 0);
}

/**
 * @brief test function to show buffer
 */
static void disp_buf(uint8_t* buf, int len)
{
    int i;
    for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        printf("%02x ", buf[i]);
        if (( i + 1 ) % 16 == 0) {
            printf("\n");
        }
    }
    printf("\n");
}

static void i2c_test_task(void* arg)
{
    int i = 0;
    int ret;
    uint32_t task_idx = (uint32_t) arg;
    uint8_t* data = (uint8_t*) malloc(DATA_LENGTH);
    uint8_t* data_wr = (uint8_t*) malloc(DATA_LENGTH);
    uint8_t* data_rd = (uint8_t*) malloc(DATA_LENGTH);
    uint8_t sensor_data_h, sensor_data_l;
    int cnt = 0;
    while (1) {
        printf("test cnt: %d\n", cnt++);
        ret = i2c_example_master_sensor_test( I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_NUM, &sensor_data_h, &sensor_data_l);
        xSemaphoreTake(print_mux, portMAX_DELAY);
        if(ret == ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT) {
            printf("I2C timeout\n");
        } else if(ret == ESP_OK) {
            printf("*******************\n");
            printf("TASK[%d]  MASTER READ SENSOR( BH1750 )\n", task_idx);
            printf("*******************\n");
            printf("data_h: %02x\n", sensor_data_h);
            printf("data_l: %02x\n", sensor_data_l);
            printf("sensor val: %f\n", (sensor_data_h << 8 | sensor_data_l) / 1.2);
        } else {
            printf("No ack, sensor not connected...skip...\n");
        }
        xSemaphoreGive(print_mux);
        vTaskDelay(( DELAY_TIME_BETWEEN_ITEMS_MS * ( task_idx + 1 ) ) / portTICK_RATE_MS);
        //---------------------------------------------------
        for (i = 0; i < DATA_LENGTH; i++) {
            data[i] = i;
        }
        xSemaphoreTake(print_mux, portMAX_DELAY);
        size_t d_size = i2c_slave_write_buffer(I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_NUM, data, RW_TEST_LENGTH, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
        if (d_size == 0) {
            printf("i2c slave tx buffer full\n");
            ret = i2c_example_master_read_slave(I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_NUM, data_rd, DATA_LENGTH);
        } else {
            ret = i2c_example_master_read_slave(I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_NUM, data_rd, RW_TEST_LENGTH);
        }

        if (ret == ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT) {
            printf("I2C timeout\n");
            printf("*********\n");
        } else if (ret == ESP_OK) {
            printf("*******************\n");
            printf("TASK[%d]  MASTER READ FROM SLAVE\n", task_idx);
            printf("*******************\n");
            printf("====TASK[%d] Slave buffer data ====\n", task_idx);
            disp_buf(data, d_size);
            printf("====TASK[%d] Master read ====\n", task_idx);
            disp_buf(data_rd, d_size);
        } else {
            printf("Master read slave error, IO not connected...\n");
        }
        xSemaphoreGive(print_mux);
        vTaskDelay(( DELAY_TIME_BETWEEN_ITEMS_MS * ( task_idx + 1 ) ) / portTICK_RATE_MS);
        //---------------------------------------------------
        int size;
        for (i = 0; i < DATA_LENGTH; i++) {
            data_wr[i] = i + 10;
        }
        xSemaphoreTake(print_mux, portMAX_DELAY);
        //we need to fill the slave buffer so that master can read later
        ret = i2c_example_master_write_slave( I2C_EXAMPLE_MASTER_NUM, data_wr, RW_TEST_LENGTH);
        if (ret == ESP_OK) {
            size = i2c_slave_read_buffer( I2C_EXAMPLE_SLAVE_NUM, data, RW_TEST_LENGTH, 1000 / portTICK_RATE_MS);
        }
        if (ret == ESP_ERR_TIMEOUT) {
            printf("I2C timeout\n");
        } else if (ret == ESP_OK) {
            printf("*******************\n");
            printf("TASK[%d]  MASTER WRITE TO SLAVE\n", task_idx);
            printf("*******************\n");
            printf("----TASK[%d] Master write ----\n", task_idx);
            disp_buf(data_wr, RW_TEST_LENGTH);
            printf("----TASK[%d] Slave read: [%d] bytes ----\n", task_idx, size);
            disp_buf(data, size);
        } else {
            printf("TASK[%d] Master write slave error, IO not connected....\n", task_idx);
        }
        xSemaphoreGive(print_mux);
        vTaskDelay(( DELAY_TIME_BETWEEN_ITEMS_MS * ( task_idx + 1 ) ) / portTICK_RATE_MS);
    }
}

void app_main()
{
    print_mux = xSemaphoreCreateMutex();
    i2c_example_slave_init();
    i2c_example_master_init();
    xTaskCreate(i2c_test_task, "i2c_test_task_0", 1024 * 2, (void* ) 0, 10, NULL);
    xTaskCreate(i2c_test_task, "i2c_test_task_1", 1024 * 2, (void* ) 1, 10, NULL);

}


we strip it for first time..
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User avatar
rudi ;-)
Posts: 1214
Joined: Fri Nov 13, 2015 3:25 pm

Re: ESP32 as a I2C slave device

Postby rudi ;-) » Wed Feb 21, 2018 8:06 pm

/**
* TEST CODE BRIEF
*
* This example will show you how to use I2C as Slave by running one tasks on i2c bus:
*
* - Use one I2C port(slave mode) on one ESP32 chip.
*
* Pin assignment:
*
* - slave :
* GPIO25 is assigned as the data signal of i2c slave port
* GPIO26 is assigned as the clock signal of i2c slave port
* - no need to add external pull-up resistors, driver will enable internal pull-up resistors.
* - optional we use pull-up resistors on breadboard
*
* Test items:
* - wait for a master and give him ACK for right address and NAK for wrong address
* - if right address wait for a master cmd and give him back data on request
* - for the request we create a cmd list simple example
* - CMD IDCHECK returns SLAVE ID CODE
*/
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