Request for HTTPS support

StefanRvO
Posts: 7
Joined: Sun Mar 06, 2016 9:25 pm

Request for HTTPS support

Postby StefanRvO » Mon Jan 16, 2017 11:28 pm

Hello
It seems that this forum currently only supports plain HTTP, and not encrypted access using HTTPS.
I find this very unfortunate, as this means that my username along with my password will be transmitted as plaintext, and it will thus be very simple to intercept.

Have you any plans regarding implementing HTTPS? I don't really feel comfortable accessing the forum this way, and i don't think HTTPS is to much to ask for in 2017, especially on a forum which is run by a tech company.

User avatar
rudi ;-)
Posts: 1091
Joined: Fri Nov 13, 2015 3:25 pm

Re: Request for HTTPS support

Postby rudi ;-) » Tue Jan 17, 2017 1:24 am

StefanRvO wrote:Hello
It seems that this forum currently only supports plain HTTP, and not encrypted access using HTTPS.
I find this very unfortunate, as this means that my username along with my password will be transmitted as plaintext, and it will thus be very simple to intercept.

Have you any plans regarding implementing HTTPS? I don't really feel comfortable accessing the forum this way, and i don't think HTTPS is to much to ask for in 2017, especially on a forum which is run by a tech company.


Hi Stefan
not sure but have you seen this:

click me: https request full project

Code: Select all

#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "freertos/FreeRTOS.h"
#include "freertos/task.h"
#include "freertos/event_groups.h"
#include "esp_wifi.h"
#include "esp_event_loop.h"
#include "esp_log.h"
#include "esp_system.h"
#include "nvs_flash.h"

#include "lwip/err.h"
#include "lwip/sockets.h"
#include "lwip/sys.h"
#include "lwip/netdb.h"
#include "lwip/dns.h"

#include "mbedtls/platform.h"
#include "mbedtls/net.h"
#include "mbedtls/debug.h"
#include "mbedtls/ssl.h"
#include "mbedtls/entropy.h"
#include "mbedtls/ctr_drbg.h"
#include "mbedtls/error.h"
#include "mbedtls/certs.h"

/* The examples use simple WiFi configuration that you can set via
   'make menuconfig'.
   If you'd rather not, just change the below entries to strings with
   the config you want - ie #define EXAMPLE_WIFI_SSID "mywifissid"
*/
#define EXAMPLE_WIFI_SSID CONFIG_WIFI_SSID
#define EXAMPLE_WIFI_PASS CONFIG_WIFI_PASSWORD

/* FreeRTOS event group to signal when we are connected & ready to make a request */
static EventGroupHandle_t wifi_event_group;

/* The event group allows multiple bits for each event,
   but we only care about one event - are we connected
   to the AP with an IP? */
const int CONNECTED_BIT = BIT0;

/* Constants that aren't configurable in menuconfig */
#define WEB_SERVER "www.howsmyssl.com"
#define WEB_PORT "443"
#define WEB_URL "https://www.howsmyssl.com/a/check"

static const char *TAG = "example";

static const char *REQUEST = "GET " WEB_URL " HTTP/1.1\n"
    "Host: "WEB_SERVER"\n"
    "User-Agent: esp-idf/1.0 esp32\n"
    "\n";

/* Root cert for howsmyssl.com, taken from server_root_cert.pem
   The PEM file was extracted from the output of this command:
   openssl s_client -showcerts -connect www.howsmyssl.com:443 </dev/null
   The CA root cert is the last cert given in the chain of certs.
   To embed it in the app binary, the PEM file is named
   in the component.mk COMPONENT_EMBED_TXTFILES variable.
*/
extern const uint8_t server_root_cert_pem_start[] asm("_binary_server_root_cert_pem_start");
extern const uint8_t server_root_cert_pem_end[]   asm("_binary_server_root_cert_pem_end");

#ifdef MBEDTLS_DEBUG_C

#define MBEDTLS_DEBUG_LEVEL 4

/* mbedtls debug function that translates mbedTLS debug output
   to ESP_LOGx debug output.
   MBEDTLS_DEBUG_LEVEL 4 means all mbedTLS debug output gets sent here,
   and then filtered to the ESP logging mechanism.
*/
static void mbedtls_debug(void *ctx, int level,
                     const char *file, int line,
                     const char *str)
{
    const char *MBTAG = "mbedtls";
    char *file_sep;

    /* Shorten 'file' from the whole file path to just the filename
       This is a bit wasteful because the macros are compiled in with
       the full _FILE_ path in each case.
    */
    file_sep = rindex(file, '/');
    if(file_sep)
        file = file_sep+1;

    switch(level) {
    case 1:
        ESP_LOGI(MBTAG, "%s:%d %s", file, line, str);
        break;
    case 2:
    case 3:
        ESP_LOGD(MBTAG, "%s:%d %s", file, line, str);
    case 4:
        ESP_LOGV(MBTAG, "%s:%d %s", file, line, str);
        break;
    default:
        ESP_LOGE(MBTAG, "Unexpected log level %d: %s", level, str);
        break;
    }
}

#endif

static esp_err_t event_handler(void *ctx, system_event_t *event)
{
    switch(event->event_id) {
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_START:
        esp_wifi_connect();
        break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_GOT_IP:
        xEventGroupSetBits(wifi_event_group, CONNECTED_BIT);
        break;
    case SYSTEM_EVENT_STA_DISCONNECTED:
        /* This is a workaround as ESP32 WiFi libs don't currently
           auto-reassociate. */
        esp_wifi_connect();
        xEventGroupClearBits(wifi_event_group, CONNECTED_BIT);
        break;
    default:
        break;
    }
    return ESP_OK;
}

static void initialise_wifi(void)
{
    tcpip_adapter_init();
    wifi_event_group = xEventGroupCreate();
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( esp_event_loop_init(event_handler, NULL) );
    wifi_init_config_t cfg = WIFI_INIT_CONFIG_DEFAULT();
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( esp_wifi_init(&cfg) );
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( esp_wifi_set_storage(WIFI_STORAGE_RAM) );
    wifi_config_t wifi_config = {
        .sta = {
            .ssid = EXAMPLE_WIFI_SSID,
            .password = EXAMPLE_WIFI_PASS,
        },
    };
    ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Setting WiFi configuration SSID %s...", wifi_config.sta.ssid);
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( esp_wifi_set_mode(WIFI_MODE_STA) );
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( esp_wifi_set_config(ESP_IF_WIFI_STA, &wifi_config) );
    ESP_ERROR_CHECK( esp_wifi_start() );
}

static void https_get_task(void *pvParameters)
{
    char buf[512];
    int ret, flags, len;

    mbedtls_entropy_context entropy;
    mbedtls_ctr_drbg_context ctr_drbg;
    mbedtls_ssl_context ssl;
    mbedtls_x509_crt cacert;
    mbedtls_ssl_config conf;
    mbedtls_net_context server_fd;

    mbedtls_ssl_init(&ssl);
    mbedtls_x509_crt_init(&cacert);
    mbedtls_ctr_drbg_init(&ctr_drbg);
    ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Seeding the random number generator");

    mbedtls_ssl_config_init(&conf);

    mbedtls_entropy_init(&entropy);
    if((ret = mbedtls_ctr_drbg_seed(&ctr_drbg, mbedtls_entropy_func, &entropy,
                                    NULL, 0)) != 0)
    {
        ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ctr_drbg_seed returned %d", ret);
        abort();
    }

    ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Loading the CA root certificate...");

    ret = mbedtls_x509_crt_parse(&cacert, server_root_cert_pem_start,
                                 server_root_cert_pem_end-server_root_cert_pem_start);

    if(ret < 0)
    {
        ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_x509_crt_parse returned -0x%x\n\n", -ret);
        abort();
    }

    ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Setting hostname for TLS session...");

     /* Hostname set here should match CN in server certificate */
    if((ret = mbedtls_ssl_set_hostname(&ssl, WEB_SERVER)) != 0)
    {
        ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ssl_set_hostname returned -0x%x", -ret);
        abort();
    }

    ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Setting up the SSL/TLS structure...");

    if((ret = mbedtls_ssl_config_defaults(&conf,
                                          MBEDTLS_SSL_IS_CLIENT,
                                          MBEDTLS_SSL_TRANSPORT_STREAM,
                                          MBEDTLS_SSL_PRESET_DEFAULT)) != 0)
    {
        ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ssl_config_defaults returned %d", ret);
        goto exit;
    }

    /* MBEDTLS_SSL_VERIFY_OPTIONAL is bad for security, in this example it will print
       a warning if CA verification fails but it will continue to connect.
       You should consider using MBEDTLS_SSL_VERIFY_REQUIRED in your own code.
    */
    mbedtls_ssl_conf_authmode(&conf, MBEDTLS_SSL_VERIFY_OPTIONAL);
    mbedtls_ssl_conf_ca_chain(&conf, &cacert, NULL);
    mbedtls_ssl_conf_rng(&conf, mbedtls_ctr_drbg_random, &ctr_drbg);
#ifdef MBEDTLS_DEBUG_C
    mbedtls_debug_set_threshold(MBEDTLS_DEBUG_LEVEL);
    mbedtls_ssl_conf_dbg(&conf, mbedtls_debug, NULL);
#endif

    if ((ret = mbedtls_ssl_setup(&ssl, &conf)) != 0)
    {
        ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ssl_setup returned -0x%x\n\n", -ret);
        goto exit;
    }

    while(1) {
        /* Wait for the callback to set the CONNECTED_BIT in the
           event group.
        */
        xEventGroupWaitBits(wifi_event_group, CONNECTED_BIT,
                            false, true, portMAX_DELAY);
        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Connected to AP");

        mbedtls_net_init(&server_fd);

        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Connecting to %s:%s...", WEB_SERVER, WEB_PORT);

        if ((ret = mbedtls_net_connect(&server_fd, WEB_SERVER,
                                      WEB_PORT, MBEDTLS_NET_PROTO_TCP)) != 0)
        {
            ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_net_connect returned -%x", -ret);
            goto exit;
        }

        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Connected.");

        mbedtls_ssl_set_bio(&ssl, &server_fd, mbedtls_net_send, mbedtls_net_recv, NULL);

        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Performing the SSL/TLS handshake...");

        while ((ret = mbedtls_ssl_handshake(&ssl)) != 0)
        {
            if (ret != MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_WANT_READ && ret != MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_WANT_WRITE)
            {
                ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ssl_handshake returned -0x%x", -ret);
                goto exit;
            }
        }

        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Verifying peer X.509 certificate...");

        if ((flags = mbedtls_ssl_get_verify_result(&ssl)) != 0)
        {
            /* In real life, we probably want to close connection if ret != 0 */
            ESP_LOGW(TAG, "Failed to verify peer certificate!");
            bzero(buf, sizeof(buf));
            mbedtls_x509_crt_verify_info(buf, sizeof(buf), "  ! ", flags);
            ESP_LOGW(TAG, "verification info: %s", buf);
        }
        else {
            ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Certificate verified.");
        }

        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Writing HTTP request...");

        while((ret = mbedtls_ssl_write(&ssl, (const unsigned char *)REQUEST, strlen(REQUEST))) <= 0)
        {
            if(ret != MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_WANT_READ && ret != MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_WANT_WRITE)
            {
                ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ssl_write returned -0x%x", -ret);
                goto exit;
            }
        }

        len = ret;
        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "%d bytes written", len);
        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Reading HTTP response...");

        do
        {
            len = sizeof(buf) - 1;
            bzero(buf, sizeof(buf));
            ret = mbedtls_ssl_read(&ssl, (unsigned char *)buf, len);

            if(ret == MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_WANT_READ || ret == MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_WANT_WRITE)
                continue;

            if(ret == MBEDTLS_ERR_SSL_PEER_CLOSE_NOTIFY) {
                ret = 0;
                break;
            }

            if(ret < 0)
            {
                ESP_LOGE(TAG, "mbedtls_ssl_read returned -0x%x", -ret);
                break;
            }

            if(ret == 0)
            {
                ESP_LOGI(TAG, "connection closed");
                break;
            }

            len = ret;
            ESP_LOGI(TAG, "%d bytes read", len);
            /* Print response directly to stdout as it is read */
            for(int i = 0; i < len; i++) {
                putchar(buf[i]);
            }
        } while(1);

        mbedtls_ssl_close_notify(&ssl);

    exit:
        mbedtls_ssl_session_reset(&ssl);
        mbedtls_net_free(&server_fd);

        if(ret != 0)
        {
            mbedtls_strerror(ret, buf, 100);
            ESP_LOGE(TAG, "Last error was: -0x%x - %s", -ret, buf);
        }

        for(int countdown = 10; countdown >= 0; countdown--) {
            ESP_LOGI(TAG, "%d...", countdown);
            vTaskDelay(1000 / portTICK_PERIOD_MS);
        }
        ESP_LOGI(TAG, "Starting again!");
    }
}

void app_main()
{
    nvs_flash_init();
    initialise_wifi();
    xTaskCreate(&https_get_task, "https_get_task", 8192, NULL, 5, NULL);
}




further:
click me: openssl client

click me: openssl server

and here:
click me: websockets

best wishes
rudi ;-)
-------------------------------------
love it, change it or leave it.
-------------------------------------
問候飛出去的朋友遍全球魯迪

ESP_Sprite
Posts: 1150
Joined: Thu Nov 26, 2015 4:08 am

Re: Request for HTTPS support

Postby ESP_Sprite » Tue Jan 17, 2017 1:38 am

Rudi: I don't think that's what he means :)
Stefan: I'll poke IT, see if we can do something.

User avatar
rudi ;-)
Posts: 1091
Joined: Fri Nov 13, 2015 3:25 pm

Re: Request for HTTPS support

Postby rudi ;-) » Tue Jan 17, 2017 1:42 am

:P
oh
he means "https" in the forum itself :oops:
sry

Ash over my head - I go into the corner and feel ashamed

best wishes
rudi ;-)
-------------------------------------
love it, change it or leave it.
-------------------------------------
問候飛出去的朋友遍全球魯迪

copercini
Posts: 13
Joined: Wed Dec 21, 2016 4:44 pm

Re: Request for HTTPS support

Postby copercini » Fri Feb 03, 2017 3:47 pm

ESP_Sprite wrote:Rudi: I don't think that's what he means :)
Stefan: I'll poke IT, see if we can do something.


You can use a free https://letsencrypt.org/ certificate

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